Biological background - State of change

With healthy foods, good relationships, drinking less and not smoking, you can do a lot for your health; but as Prof. Steven Blair, researcher, has revealed and Dr. Mike Evans, Canadian Doctor of Preventive Medicine has also emphasized, among the things you can do for your health, physical activity has the biggest impact on it. Non-fitness has the highest attribution to mortality among health risk factors (e.g. smoking, obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol and diabetes), so the best thing to do is to be physically active for as  long as you can.

A sedentary lifestyle can lead to musculoskeletal disorders, e.g. scoliosis, hernia, osteoporosis, posture default, flat-foot and instable joints; to metabolic disorders and/or obesity, to sleeping disorders, neurosis, unstable vegetative control; to high or low blood pressure, arteriosclerosis, and coronary artery diseases, as well as being attributed to digestive and urinary disorders.

On the other hand, physical activity (PA) has many beneficial physiological effects:

  • it raises the parasympathetic activity therefore the body can work in a more energy-saving way, i.e. the heart rate decreases, the blood pressure decreases, the digestion can be more effective, and  breathing can improve;
  • the buffer-capacity increases – the acidity will be diminished;
  • the immune system improves – in this way PA has a preventive effect against infections and in improving health status, as well as in cancer prevention;
  • the endorphin level increases lifting the mood and making movement a source of happiness;
  • the metabolic processes shift toward more economical working (faster fat and sugar burning);
  • provides weight control;
  • the human organism becomes more sensitive to insulin;
  • the mass of the musculature and connective tissues grow;
  • joints maintain their flexibility;
  • the muscle tone diminishes due to regular training;
  • the bones become stronger and keep theirstrength;
  • the maximal oxygen uptake capacity and the ventilation rise, breathing becomes more  economic by the decreasing the number of breaths required; the breathing technique can be improved and the lungs can become better developed;
  • the brain’s oxygen supply also gets better;
  • by increasing  the lung capacity it can lessen the nocturnal breathing pauses (apnea);
  • the blood pressure is lower, the resting heart rate and cardiac output are smaller – with a more economical function – and the heart rate reserve and the cardiac output during exercise is larger in well-trained subjects, than in non-trained people;
  • the heart’s musculature becomes thicker and more contractile, the cavities get wider;
  • the resting phase of the cardiac functional cycle becomes longer which leads to better perfusion of the heart muscle;
  • the elasticity of heart and vessels will decrease to a lesser degree in trained subjects than in non-trained ones;
  • the redistribution of the blood is quicker and more effective in trained muscles;
  • (if someone begins his sporting lifestyle in childhood, even the coronary arteries’ density can escalate;)
  • the nervous system can also be trained, its tolerance is stronger in well-trained people;
  • the degree of the increase of free radicals’ is also smaller in well-trained subjects;
  • the liver function improves – but be careful, in case of liver diseases sports activities must be minimalized!;
  • the anti inflammatory agents’ level increases;
  • as physical activity can give refreshment as well as a pleasant tiredness, it can lead to good sleeping;
  • keeps mental health;
  • the person’s body image improves;
  • the trained older persons  sex life is also more satisfying;
  • depending on the type of sport activity, the speed, endurance, flexibility, strength and/or balance develops;
  • in many cases it can provide proximity to nature;
  • and develops  skills which can help in other parts of life, such as work and home etc .

THE BEST NEWS is that all of the above can happen even if you start to be active in your later years as well! Just persevere and you will see and feel the results! J

We call on the prolonging  of an active lifestyle to help the fight against ageing.

What is important for an older person like you are all the preventive measures which you can read about in the following text and the fact that physical activity can help you to sustain your independence, fitness, strengthen your body’s muscles and decrease the risk and degree of osteoporosis and bone fractures, it can provide inner and outer peace, social connections and can hold together the family and friendships. The aim is to keep awareness in the body and mind, health and fitness. Do not forget to share physical activity with good, healthy nutrition, good, positive thoughts, good companionships- and relationships, and, if it is necessary, with nutritional supplements (vitamins & minerals).