Prevention - What can we avoid or decrease the risk to have?

Physical activity has numerous preventive and curative effects, of which we can list here only the most important ones:

  • it can help in weight control, in prevention and treatment of obesity;
  • helps to keep the skin’s radiance;
  • has painkiller effect;
  • can help to avoid or treat adult-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus – individuals who regularly exercise are at lower risk for developing type 2 diabetes than sedentary subjects and the preventive effect of exercise is larger in individuals at high-risk for type 2 diabetes;
  • reduces blood pressure even with 10 mm Hg in the systolic and 5 mm Hg in the diastolic value (hypertension risk is 1.4 times higher in inactive persons);
  • stimulates circulation;
  • helps to keep our body clean with increasing the release of roughage;
  • doing exercise as a leisure time activity, the risk of heart attacks decreases;
  • the coronary risk of physically active persons is lower by a factor of 2 to 3, independently of the presence of other risk factors, and is not due to the better [YUN1]health awareness of those who are physically active;
  • the risk of stroke also decreases;
  • the risk of thrombosis decreases – the cardiovascular diseases’ mortality rate of inactive people is 1.9 times of that of active persons;
  • according to the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study, walking at least 2.5 hours per week is associated with a 30% lower cardiovascular risk than not walking;
  • increases the electrical stability of the heart;
  • PA shifts the cholesterol balance in a positive way;
  • helps to maintain and improve muscle mass and movement and prevent or at least delay atrophy (it is said that PA can shift the decline of health to the age of 75);
  • can help in lung and other kinds of respiratory diseases with better and more economic  breathing technique, and higher oxygen uptake;
  • can improve the impairment of cerebral functions;
  • PA can help to correct neglected posture and/or some scoliosis;
  • the risk of osteoporosis decreases (the relative risk of inactive people is 1.6 times of active people) and PA has a positive effect on the metabolism of bone tissue;
  • it can decrease the level of arthritis (osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis as well);
  • the anxiety, stress, nervousness, and on the base of the formers, the risk of gastric ulcer lessen;
  • it can help in digestive disorders;
  • decreases the convalescence time;
  • prevents or diminishes depression, tension and anxiety, and increases self-esteem and self-assurance;
  • improves physical function and independent living in the elderly;
  • physical activity has a cancer preventive effect as well, e.g. colon cancer (the relative risk is 1.4 in inactive people compared to physically active persons), cancers of the reproductive system and breast;
  • results in reduction in all-causes of mortality;
  • nonsmoking is highly prevalent among runners, and habitual runners who smoke have a quit rate of roughly 75%;
  • PA is generally results in lack of dependency – although in some cases it goes together with them (smoking, alcohol, drug consumption);
  • PA slows down the ageing process;
  • keeps the mind fresh – logic, memory, combination, creativity;
  • based on the formers, it can save much treatment cost;
  • compared with the general population, age-matched runners have significantly fewer medical consultations, and probably less missed work days;
  • regular PA can increase work efficiency – prevent untimely sacking;
  • and finally, it can help to keep health and maintain financial activity on labour market.